About Lackham Farm

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y

Calcium

A chemical found in lime, chalk and limestone which are used to neutralize soil acidity. Essential for crop growth. Also essential together with phosphorus for healthy teeth and bones in animals.


Calf rearing

Calves are removed from their mothers and brought up in specialist housing


Calving

The birth of a calf


CAP

The Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union which regulates support policies for farmers.


carcase

See carcass


carcass

The body of a meat animal after slaugter, when skin, offal, head and feet have been removed.


Castration

The removal of testes on a male animal to prevent unwanted reproduction


Cellcount

A measure of the number of white blood cells found in milk. Gives an indication of the level of mastitis in the dairy herd.


Cereals

Crops like wheat, barley and oats - planted in either autumn or spring


Certificate of competence

A certificate issued when a person is trained in the correct use of a machine


Chemical

Pesticides used to control weeds, diseases or pests


Chlorophyll

The green pigmentation of the plant leaves


Chronic disease

A disease which an animal will suffer over a long period.


Clamps

Holding area for storing silage


Clostridial

Bacterial infections of sheep common at lambing


Cluster

The equipment which is applied to a cows teats to extract the milk. Composed of a clawpiece to which four teat cups are attached.


CO2

Carbon dioxide


CO2, H20, O2,

Carbon dioxide, Water, Oxygen


Colostrum

The first nutritious milk produced by the mother cow after a calf is born


Combine harvester

Machine used to harvest grain crops like wheat, oilseed rape etc.


Compaction

When a soil becomes too firm and hard to allow good plant root growth


Concentrates

Prepared feed containing protein, energy etc. to encourage growth or production


Conformation

The term to describe the shape of an animal belonging to a defined breed. Milk producing breeds have a very different shape to meat producing breeds.


Contamination

When something unwanted enters a quality product


Cool

Grain must be kept cold to avoid pests breeding in it once it is in store


Countrywide

A company that supplies agricultural products to farmers


cow

Female of the species cattle. Generally refering to an animal which has had one or more calves.


crop scouting

Precise assessments of pest pressure and crop performance which can be tied to a specific location for better interpretation.


Crop species

Different types of crop - e.g. wheat or barley


Cross bred

An animal whose parents were from different breeds


cross tabulation

Comparison of attribute data by location in two or more map layers


Crude protein

A term used as an estimate of protein content of feedstuffs. Crude protein includes low value sources of protein.


Cubicle

Individual lying area within a covered shed for dairy cattle to rest


Cull

The term for disposing of breeding anaimls which are unsuitable to use for further breeding.


Cultivation

The process of preparing a field for planting using machinery


Cultivator

Implement with fixed legs and tines used for mixing soil


cutting

A track up the side of any sort of hill made by a bulldozer.


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This month at Lackham Farm

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