A chemical found in lime, chalk and limestone which are used to neutralize soil acidity. Essential for crop growth. Also essential together with phosphorus for healthy teeth and bones in animals.
Calves are removed from their mothers and brought up in specialist housing
The birth of a calf
The Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union which regulates support policies for farmers.
The body of a meat animal after slaugter, when skin, offal, head and feet have been removed.
The removal of testes on a male animal to prevent unwanted reproduction
A measure of the number of white blood cells found in milk. Gives an indication of the level of mastitis in the dairy herd.
Crops like wheat, barley and oats - planted in either autumn or spring
A certificate issued when a person is trained in the correct use of a machine
Pesticides used to control weeds, diseases or pests
The green pigmentation of the plant leaves
A disease which an animal will suffer over a long period.
Holding area for storing silage
Bacterial infections of sheep common at lambing
The equipment which is applied to a cows teats to extract the milk. Composed of a clawpiece to which four teat cups are attached.
Carbon dioxide, Water, Oxygen
The first nutritious milk produced by the mother cow after a calf is born
Machine used to harvest grain crops like wheat, oilseed rape etc.
When a soil becomes too firm and hard to allow good plant root growth
Prepared feed containing protein, energy etc. to encourage growth or production
The term to describe the shape of an animal belonging to a defined breed. Milk producing breeds have a very different shape to meat producing breeds.
When something unwanted enters a quality product
Grain must be kept cold to avoid pests breeding in it once it is in store
A company that supplies agricultural products to farmers
Female of the species cattle. Generally refering to an animal which has had one or more calves.
Precise assessments of pest pressure and crop performance which can be tied to a specific location for better interpretation.
Different types of crop - e.g. wheat or barley
An animal whose parents were from different breeds
Comparison of attribute data by location in two or more map layers
A term used as an estimate of protein content of feedstuffs. Crude protein includes low value sources of protein.
Individual lying area within a covered shed for dairy cattle to rest
The term for disposing of breeding anaimls which are unsuitable to use for further breeding.
The process of preparing a field for planting using machinery
Implement with fixed legs and tines used for mixing soil
A track up the side of any sort of hill made by a bulldozer.