tract of land for cultivation or rearing livestock
The process of "pickling" silage in acid conditions by excluding air
Man-made product containing nutrients for plant growth
An area of enclosed land used for the production of crops or the grazing of livestock
Using machinery in fields
Specific method of feeding cattle or sheep for fattening purposes
These are costs which do not vary directly with size of enterprise. Eg a tractor could be used for growing 300 ha of cereals or 350 ha. Some costs eg fuel are difficult to allocate to enterprises because records are not accurate enough.
The woolly coat of a sheep
A group of sheep
Young cattle being reared as replacements to the dairy and beef cow herds.
The term used for crops grown to feed animals, eg grass, maize, turnips, kale, clover
Machine used to gather and chop grass or maize for silage
A squirt of milk from each teat before the milking cups are applied. The milk which is in the teat is the milk which is most likely to be contaminated with bacteria. Removing it before milking ensures that the rest of the milk taken from the cow is pure and free from contamination. A milker can also check to see if there are any signs of mastitis in the udder by looking for clots in the foremilk.
A condition in cattle where twins are born, one being male and the other female. This usually results in the female twin being infertile.
A technique of branding cattle and horses using an extremely cold branding iron. This results in the animal growing white hair at the site of the brand. Most effective if used on black animals where it gives an easily read identity number.
The most widely used breed of cow for producing milk (black and white)
A disease caused by a fungus